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Gonorrhea Symptoms and Signs

Signs of Gonorrhea and Common Symptoms of Gonorrhea


Of all the sexually transmitted diseases, gonorrhea is the most prevalent. This infection is caused by the Neissie Gonorrhoeae bacterium. The human reproductive tract is warm and moist making it possible for this micro organism to multiply easily. There are very many cases of gonorrhea around the world every year but only a small fraction is reported. For instance, only 700,000 new cases are reported annually in the United States but only 350,000 of them are reported. It is estimated that approximately 5 percent of adults between the age of 18 and 35 are infected with this sexually transmitted disease and are unaware of their condition. Some groups of people are at a higher risk of getting infected than others. They include drug users, young adults and adolescents, African Americans and poor people from southern states and urban areas among other groups.

There are three main ways in which the disease can be transmitted. They are anal, oral and vaginal contacts. An important point to note is that the probability of women being infected by having sexual contact with an infected male is 50 percent. On the other hand, men have a 20 percent probability of getting gonorrhea by having sexual contact with an infected woman. Pregnant women can also infect their newborns during delivery.

Gonorrhea Symptoms and Signs

After infection, gonorrhea symptoms usually start to occur after the incubation period that lasts ten to twenty days. Most people usually notice signs and symptoms from the 15th to the 20th day. An interesting fact to point out is that a third to two thirds of people who are infected with the disease never exhibit any symptom of the disease. Gonorrhea symptoms in women include pain when urinating, vaginal discharge, pain and bleeding during intercourse and projectile urination. The cervix can have pus with marked cervical inflammations. However, it can also appear normal. Symptoms in men include an increase in the production of male hormones. Detection of gonorrhea can be done by testing the urethra and the cervix because these two sites are usually infected in most patients.

In some severe cases, gonorrhea symptoms can cause pelvic inflammatory disease. This is serious condition that can cause sterilization of the human reproductive system and cause infertility. Symptoms of this medical condition include vomiting and fever, cramps and pain. Women should also look out for vaginal bleeding that does not coincide with their menstrual cycle. Other gonorrhea symptoms and signs include frequent urination, irritation of the vagina, thick greenish-yellow vaginal discharge, irritation of the cervix and a burning sensation around pubic region.

On the other hand, gonorrhea symptoms in men include pain during urination and a thick pus discharge from the urethra. In some severe cases, the testicles and the prostate gland will be infected along with some ducts connecting organs in the male reproductive system. Swelling and scrotal pain are also common gonorrheal symptoms. Furthermore, adults will have slightly impaired vision of one eye when infected with gonorrhea.

Gonorrhea is a very serious disease that is transmitted through sexual contact. The good news is that it can be treated effectively if symptoms are detected early on. People who are sexually active should be tested frequently to ensure that gonorrhea symptoms are identified before things become complicated.


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